Saturday, June 20, 2009

how long before you can harvest your veggies?

My salad table and my harvest chart

The gardens are growing, at times it seems slow. Remember the heat units and the hours of sunlight and all those things I covered in the other gardening blogs? They are the issue that determine when I can eat my veggies. But here is a general list. I made my first copy of this list back in 1974 in the Ukiah Valley. Growing was a different project there so I've looked up in my sunset books and in the square foot gardening book and made a new chart. Adjust it to your weather and growing conditions. Did you note the date you planted? Did you use seed? This chart is from seed, if you used plants you will harvest sooner!

Another important thing to note is the regional seed types. These are developed to produce BEST in the area you live in. Maybe you know the names of these varieties. Here the names all say "Early" that tells me they have a shorter growing season which may work better for my frost dates. Seasoned gardeners know these area friendly varieties so ask! And note when you plant and when you harvest and see if it makes a difference.

From seed to harvest unless noted

growing season

Asparagus spring/summer 3 years to harvest

Beans summer 50 to 90 days bush 60-90 snap

Beets spring, summer, fall 55-80 days most in 60

Broccoli spring/fall 112 days(plants sooner)

Brussels sprouts summer/fall 120 days

Cabbage Spring/fall early 90-125 days late 125-150 days

Carrots all growing seasons 65-75 days

Cauliflower Spring/fall 98 days/ purple head another month

Celery hard to grow 120 plus

Chard all growing seasons 60 days

Collards summer/fall 75 days

Corn summer 75-90 days

Cucumber summer 55-70 days

Eggplant summer 133 days slow to sprout

Lettuce cool seasons 49-65 days approx

Kale cool seasons 60-80 days

Melon summer 75-95 early 110-120 late

Okra summer 60 days

Onions spring/summer 95-110 all onions sprout slowly

Garlic " 90 days

Leeks summer/fall 100 days

Parsnips 120 days

Peas Spring, fall 60-80 days

Peppers summer 65-85 days

Potato spring/summer/ fall 84-120 days use seed potatoes

Radish spring/Summer/fall 22 early 30-55 late

Salsify 150 days

Spinach spring/fall/winter with protection 40-50 days New Zealand 70 days

Summer squash Summer 50-65 days pick when small!

Winter squash Summer 84-120 days

Tomato Summer 60-120 days

Basil Summer 84 days

Cliantro summer 84 days

Chive Summer 112 days


Now remember lettuce, chard, kale and Basil can be taken a leaf at a time

Onions don't care when you eat them they are still onions, drying onions are ready when the green leaves droop and they begin to flower. Fold them over to stop the flowering (eat those pretty flowers Yummy!) When leaves are dry gently dig up the onions. Chives grow better if you keep cutting the tops or the amount you want to use. Leeks need the soil pulled up around them as they grow or make a cardboard collar you can pull up as needed. Dig before your first hard frost, like an hour before dark when you hear frost is coming, he he.

carrots, broccoli, lettuce, beets and all the cool weather crops can be grown way into the fall and winter if you protect them! bails of straw stacked up and a plastic cover works, more later.

I took a planting calendar and circled the days to look for harvest items. I've reached the first dates with the lettuce and am waiting for the next planting I made.

questions? Ask them. I love answering them!

Looks like dinner tonight!

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